Toe nail pain is very common, and it can have numerous causes. Ranging from simple issues to situations requiring immediate medical care, toe nail pain is often ignored until it can no longer be tolerated. Immediate treatment to the underlying cause might be the key to reduction and quick healing of the pain.
Most toe nail pain is caused by ingrown nails. Ingrown nails may be inherited genetically, and may also be seen later in life because of gradual damage to the cells beneath the skin which grow the nail (nail matrix). Repetitive injuries to the toe, such as heavy objects falling on it, pressure from poorly fitting shoes, nail fungus, or toe bruising (common in athletes) can cause irreversible changes to the nail matrix. With time, the nail may grow inward due to these changes. Less commonly nail may leave as the nail grows outward a spike of nail that may protrude into the skin. The skin against the nail is perfectly suited to tolerate the nail growing into its existence. However, after the skin becomes swollen as a result of disease of bacteria trapped between the skin and nail and inflamed, or due to the inflammation caused by the minor harm of nicking the skin when the nail is cut, pain will grow. No matter its cause, an ingrown nail will involve inflammation and pain, and will cause and go. If untreated, the disease might eventually involve the toe bone underneath and may potentially spread at any stage. Treatment of may consist of application of antibiotic ointment regular soaking in soapy water, and the use of antibiotic medicine to control the disease. The offending nail border has to be removed to resolve the condition. This is accomplished through a office procedure where the nail border is removed under local anesthesia and from growing the nail back into the 37, a mild acid is used to stop the nail matrix. Recovery is generally fast, only requiring soaking once daily and keeping the toe covered with a band-aid and antibiotic ointment. Activities are not restricted as pain following the procedure is rare.
Other causes of nail pain can include nail fungus infection, which might cause the nails to become crumbly, and thickened, loosened, discolored. The nail thickness causes pain when it strikes against the shoe. Fungus is. It could possibly spread under the toenail to infect the skin under the nail when present on the skin. Treatment requires prescription drugs to eliminate the disease, and usually needs oral drugs to get the medicine to the difficult to reach area under the nail. Drugs are ineffective against nail fungus, despite their advertising claims, and will generally do nothing to get the parasite disease itself. Other treatment for nail fungus pain can only include smoothing out the nails to decrease the prominence in one’s shoes, or even removing nails via a office procedure.
Not all nails have fungus within them. At times, nails simply become thickened and painful because of damage and long term pressure from injury or shoe pressure to the nail , much like ingrown nails can develop. The nails can be sore in sneakers and with action. Treatment can include using medication to soften the nails or smoothing out the claws. Nail removal can be done in severe cases.
Another nail problem seen in treadmill users, and runners, walkers is bruising and loosening of the toenails. The foot will piston in and out of the shoe, resulting in low level injury to the toe tips, when shoes are a little too long. This can also occur. The nails will subsequently bruise and loosen. Many times nails can also be the result of injury, such as dropping an item on it or stubbing the toe. Know how to avoid toenail infections.Then one can wait and allow the nail to grow out, if the bruise is small. A fracture may have formed in the bone below the nail, and the skin may have cut on from below. This situation demands immediate attention to prevent disease.
Pain can be seen in other c
onditions like melanoma, as well as other less common conditions, such as various skin diseases like psoriasis around the nail. If one has developed a dark pigmented area on skin and the nail, this has to be evaluated. Melanoma to the nail region is rare, but does happen. Other conditions like soft tissue tumors, cysts and cancerous or benign skin, and nerve disturbances can lead to nail pain. Each of these, while rare, has their therapy available in the hands of a foot specialist that is fantastic.
Nail pain has numerous causes, all of which are curable, as you can see. Having one’s foot evaluated in a timely fashion can stop having to endure pain and allow a fast return to full activity.